Rose Water is a flavored water made by steeping rose petals in water. Additionally, it is the hydrosol portion of the distillate of rose petals, a by-product of the production of rose oil for use in perfume industry. It is used to flavor food, as a component in some cosmetic and medical preparations, and for religious purposes throughout Europe and Asia. Rose-Water, may date back to Sassanid Persia, where it was known as golāb (Middle Persian: گلاب), from gul (rose) and ab (water). The term was adopted into Byzantine Greek as zoulápin. The process of creating rose water through steam distillation was refined by Persian and Arab chemists in the medieval Islamic world, which led to more efficient and economic uses for perfumery industries.
Every year during the second half of May, festival of Rose and Rose-Water is being held in Kashan. Many people from different parts of the country and abroad visit Kashan, the hub of Mohammadi Rose in Iran. The season for picking rose and preparing rosewater is from early May to mid-June. The production of Rose-Water in Iran has a long history of more than 2500 years. The ancient cities of Kashan and Qamsar, a town in central Iran located about 31 kilometers south of Kashan, are among the leading centers for the production of Rose-Water in Iran. In the region of Isfahan, many varieties of rosewood are grown. One of the most valuable varieties is the Damascus Rose, also known as Mohammadi Rose. The consumable part for the production of Rose-Water is the petals of the plant, and the active ingredients are tannin and various fatty acids.
The technology for producing Rose-Water and essential oil has remained almost unchanged for 2500 years of existence. All the magic begins with harvesting. The collection ceremony traditionally begins long before sunrise – to preserve the unique aroma of the flower. Harvested flowers are placed in copper pots with added water and then sent to an oven made of brick and cement or stones and mud. Then a strong fire is kindled, and while water boils, Rose-Water steam is released with essential oils, which condenses and flows through aluminum pipes into a special container. The entire distillation process takes about 4 hours, and as a result they get 40 liters of rosewater out of 30 kg of flowers.
The Rosewater Festival in Kashan and Qamsar is filled with bright colors, traditional dances and music, fragrant flowers and real hospitality of local residents. Many families have their own manufacture in the form of a small distillation apparatus for producing rosewater. Locals are happy to share their secrets with tourists. Residents of the region are immensely proud of their production: Rose-Water is not only exported to various parts of the world, but each year is used to wash the holy Kaaba in Mecca which is the most sacred place for every Muslim in the world.
Don’t miss this rare beauty
Listening to the sound of the night, feel the world moving, counting stars; who doesn’t want these moments? Maranjab Desert can offer you all of these unique, memorable, and unforgettable experiences. This natural phenomenon is located in Isfahan Province and near the fantastic city of Kashan. Let’s discover more about this oasis place.
Maranjab Aran and Bidgol in the northern city of Aran and Bidgol is located in Isfahan province. This desert from north to Salt Lake Aran and Bidgol, the West Desert Lakes issue and salt pond and dock Sultan Moreh, from East to desert sand dam and Desert National Park and the southern city of Aran and Bidgol is limited.
The average height of about 850 meters Maranjab sea level and the highest point of the island is about 880 meters above sea level, and needs to be security, relative moderation, variety of tourism attractions, the diversity of animal species and vegetation in desert areas a good place for tourism and investment in this area has provided and draw many tourists to the area. Besides, it is home to some of the desert birds and reptiles like eagles, snakes, and lizards. So, better to watch out! Much of the desert is covered with dunes and sabulous. Maranjab is very rich in terms of vegetation. The main vegetation consists of salt-friendly plants including tamarisk trees and bushes arch and is Qych.
Maranjab Caravansary is an old building in Maranjab Desert, and it used to be a place for travelers to spend the night. Like many other caravansaries in Iran, King Abbas from the Safavid dynasty ordered to build this place. It has 3500 square meters and has 29 rooms. This accommodation was right in the middle of the Silk Road and it used to link the northeast of Iran to the central parts like Isfahan.