Yazd formerly also known as Yezd, is the capital of Yazd Province, Iran .The city is located 270 km southeast of Isfahan. Since 2017, the historical city of Yazd is recognized as a world heritage site by UNESCO. It bears living testimony to the use of limited resources for survival in the desert. Because of generations of adaptation to its desert surroundings, Yazd has a unique Persian-architecture. Each district of the city is built on a qanat and has a communal center. Buildings are built of earth. The use of earth in buildings includes walls, and roofs by the construction of vaults and domes. Houses are built with courtyards below ground level, serving underground areas.
Wind-catchers, courtyards, and thick earthen walls create a pleasant microclimate. Yazd is nicknamed as the City of wind-catchers; it is also very well known for its Zoroastrian fire temple, Abanbars (cisterns), Qantas (underground channels) , Yakhchals (coolers), Persian handicrafts, handwoven cloth (Persian Termeh), silk weaving, Persian Cotton Candy, and its time-honored confectioneries. Water is supplied to the city through a qanat system developed to draw underground water. Yazd is also known as City of bicycles, because of its old history of bike riders, and the highest amount of bicycle per capita in Iran. It is reported that bicycle culture is entered and developed from Yazd, in contacting with the European tourists in the last century.
Some to see at Yazd:
Jameh Mosque of Yazd , Amir Chakhmaq Complex, Dowlat Abad Garden , Zoroastrian Fire Temple, Alexander’s Prison , Lariha House , Yazd Water Museum , Fahaadaan , etc.